The Theotokos (Mother of God)
(Source: Coptic Synxarium)
St. Joachim a
righteous man and his wife St. Anna (Hannah) were stricken in years and
had no children for Anna was barren. The children of Israel used to insult
them because they had not begotten a son.
Because of this, these two saints were
sad, and prayed continually, and entreated God by day and by night. They
vowed that the child they would beget would be made a steward for the
While St. Joachim was
praying over the mountain, he fell into a deep sleep and Gabriel, the angel of
the Lord, appeared to him and announced to him that his wife Anna would conceive
and bear a child, that would delight his eyes and please his heart; and likewise
all the world would rejoice and be glad. When he woke from his sleep, he came to
his house, and told his wife about the vision, which she believed.
The Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary The
Mother of God (Bashons 1st)
Immediately after the
annunciation, St. Joachim went down the mountain believing what the angel told
him, and he told his wife Anna of what he saw and heard. She rejoiced, gave
thanks to the Lord, and vowed that the child who was to be born to her would
become a servant in the house of the Lord all the days of her/his life. She
conceived, and gave birth to Saint Mary who had become the Queen of all women of
the world, and through her we have received the grace.
The Entrance of Saint Mary into the Temple at
Jerusalem (Kiahk 3rd)
When our holy
Lady, the Virgin, Saint Mary, the Theotokos she was three years old, for she was
dedicated to God. As her mother, Anna (Hannah), vowed to God, "If
You give me a fruit, I will devote the child to Your Holy Temple." God answered
her prayers and she brought forth this pure saint and called her Mary.
She raised her for three years, after which she took her to live with the
virgins in the Temple.
Saint Mary dwelt in
the sanctuary for 12 years. She received her food from the hands of the angels.
When she had completed 12 years in the sanctuary, the priests took counsel
together concerning her, so that they might entrust her to someone who would
protect her, for she was consecrated to God and they were not allowed to keep
her in the temple after this age.
They decided that she
be engaged to a man who could take care of her and who would look after her.
They gathered 12 righteous men from the house of David of the Tribe of Juda so
they might place her with one of them. They took their staffs inside the
Sanctuary, and a dove flew up and stood on the staff belonging to Joseph the
carpenter who was a righteous man. They knew that this was God's will. Joseph
took the holy Virgin St. Mary, and she dwelt with him until Gabriel, the Angel
of the Lord, came to her and announced to her that the Son of God was to be
incarnated from her, for the salvation of Adam and his posterity.
The Commemoration of the Life giving
Annunciation (Baramhat 29th)
When the appointed
time by God since eternity for the salvation of the human race had come, God
sent Gabriel the Archangel to the Virgin St. Mary, who is from the tribe of
Judah the house of king David , to announce to her the Divine conception and the
Glorious Birth as the Holy Scriptures testifies:
"Now in the sixth
month the angel Gabriel was sent by God to a city of Galilee named Nazareth, to
a virgin betrothed to a man whose name was Joseph, of the house of David. The
virgin's name was Mary.
||And having come in, the angel said to her, "Rejoice, highly favored one, the
Lord is with you; blessed are you among women!" But when she saw him, she
was troubled at his saying, and considered what manner of greeting this was.
Then the angel said to her, "Do not be afraid, Mary, for you have found
favor with God. "And behold, you will conceive in your womb and bring forth
a Son, and shall call His name Jesus. "He will be great, and will be called
the Son of the Highest; and the Lord God will give Him the throne of His
father David. "And He will reign over the house of Jacob forever, and of His
kingdom there will be no end."
Then Mary said to the angel, "How can this be, since I do not know a man?"
And the angel answered and said to her, "The Holy Spirit will come upon you,
and the power of the Highest will overshadow you; therefore, also, that Holy
One who is to be born will be called the Son of God. Then the angel gave her
the proof of the validity of his massage: "Now indeed, Elizabeth your
relative has also conceived a son in her old age; and this is now the sixth
month for her who was called barren. "For with God nothing will be
impossible." Then Mary said, "Behold the maidservant of the Lord! Let it be
to me according to your word." And the angel departed from her. (Luke
The Feast of the Nativity of Our Lord Jesus
Christ, Christmas (Kiahk 29th)
this day, of the year 5501 of the world, as calculated by our glorious
church, Our Lord Jesus Christ was born from the Virgin St. Mary. Through the
Divine plan of God and His foreknowledge, Caesar Augustus issued a decree
for a general census in all the Roman Empire. For that reason, Joseph rose,
and the virgin with him, and went from the city of Nazareth to "Bethlehem"
to be counted in the census there because he was from the tribe of Judah,
from the house of David. Bethlehem was the city of David. When they
arrived in Bethlehem, the Virgin gave birth to her first born child and she
wrapped him in swaddling clothes and put him in a manger, for they did not
have a place for them in the inn.
The Feast of Presenting the Lord Christ in the
Temple (Amshir 8th)
On this day we
celebrate the feast of presenting the Lord Christ to the temple after 40 days of
His blessed birth. St. Joseph the righteous and His mother, the Virgin Mary,
presented Him in the temple, to fulfill the Mosaic Law.
St. Luke the
Evangelist says that when His parents brought Him according to the custom of the
law, the just and devout Simeon the elder took Him in his arms and blessed God
and said, "Lord, now You are letting Your servant depart in peace, according to
Your Word; for my eyes have seen Your salvation which You have prepared before
the face of all people, a light to bring revelation to the Gentiles, and the
Glory of Your people Israel." (Luke 2:29-32)
Then Simeon blessed
them, and said to Mary His mother, "Behold, this Child is destined for the fall
and rising of many in Israel, and for a sign which will be spoken against "(yes,
a sword will pierce through your own soul also), that the thoughts of many
hearts may be revealed." (Luke 2:34-35)
The Flight to Egypt/ The Commemoration of the
Slain Children of Bethlehem by the Order of King Herod (Toba 3rd)
In the second year of
the Advent of Christ, the children of Bethlehem were martyred. King
Herod secretly called the wise men and determined from them what time the star
had appeared. He sent them to Bethlehem and said, "Go and search carefully for
the young Child, and when you have found Him, bring back word to me, that I may
come and worship Him also."
When they had come
into the house, they saw the young Child with Mary, His mother, and fell down
and worshipped Him. When they had opened their treasures, they presented gifts
to Him: gold, frankincense and myrrh. When they were about to return to Herod,
the Angel of the Lord warned them in a dream that they should not return to
Herod, and that they should depart for their own country another way.
When they had
departed, the Angel of the Lord appeared to Joseph in a dream saying, "Arise,
take the young Child and His mother, flee to Egypt and stay there until I bring
you word; for Herod will seek the young child to destroy Him." Joseph arose,
took the young child and His mother by night and departed for Egypt, and was
there until the death of Herod, that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by
the Lord through the prophet, saying, "Out of Egypt I called My Son."
Then Herod, when he
saw that he was deceived by the wise men, was exceedingly angry; and he sent
forth and put to death all the male children who were in Bethlehem and in all
its districts from two years old and under, according to the time which he had
determined from the wise men.
The Departure of Our Lady, the Virgin Mary, the
Theotokos (Toba 21st)
The years of her life
on earth were 60 years. She was 12 years old when she left the temple. She spent
34 years in Joseph's house, until the Ascension of the Lord, and 14 years with
St. John the Evangelist, according to the commandment of the Lord which he told
her at the cross, "Behold, this is your son," and to St. John, "Behold, this is
As she was always
praying in the holy sepulchre, the Holy Spirit informed her that she was about
to depart from this temporal world. When the time of her departure arrived, the
virgins of the Mount of Olives came to her, with the apostles, who were still
alive, and they surrounded her bed.
The Lord Jesus
Christ, to Whom is the glory, with a host of thousands and thousands of angels
came to her and comforted her and told her about the eternal joy that was
prepared for her, and she rejoiced. The apostles and the virgins asked her to
bless them. She stretched her hand and blessed them all, and she gave up her
pure spirit in the hand of her Son and God, and He took her spirit to the
The apostles prepared
the body in a fitting manner and carried it to Gethsemane. Some of the Jews
blocked their way to prevent them from burying the body. One of the Jews seized
the coffin with his hands, which were separated instantly from his body and they
remained attached to the coffin. He regretted his evil deed and wept bitterly.
Through the supplications of the saintly apostles, his hands were reattached to
his body, and he believed in the Lord Christ. When they placed the body in the
tomb, the Lord hid it from them.
The Assumption of the Body of the Pure Virgin
St. Mary (Mesra 16th)
St. Thomas was absent
at the time of St. Mary's departure, but he came after the burial. On his way
back to Jerusalem, St. Thomas saw angels carrying St. Mary's pure body and
ascending with it to heaven, and one of the angels said to him, "Hurry and kiss
the pure body of St. Mary."
When he arrived to
the disciples, they informed him about St. Mary's departure. He told them, "I
will not believe, unless I see her body, as you all know how I did doubt the
Resurrection of our Lord Jesus Christ before." They took him to the tomb, to
uncover the body but they did not find it, and they were perplexed and amazed.
St. Thomas told them
how he saw the pure body ascending to heaven, carried by angels. The Holy Spirit
then told them, "The Lord did not Will to leave Her Holy body on earth." The
Lord had promised his pure apostles that they would see her in flesh another
time. They were waiting for the fulfillment of this truthful promise, until the
sixteenth day of the month of Misra, when the promise of seeing her was
fulfilled. They saw her sitting on the right hand of her Son and her Lord,
surrounded by the angelic Host, as David prophesied and said, "At your right
hand stands the queen." (Psalm 45:9)
||In addition, our Coptic church have many feasts
to commemorate Holy Virgin Mary
Commemoration of the Virgin Mary in 21st day of every month.
- The Entrance
of St. Mary into the Temple in Kiahk 3
Apparition of the Pure Lady the Virgin in the church of Zeiton , 1968 AD
in Baramhat 24th
Commemoration of the building churches in the name of St. Mary in
different cities (various dates)
May her blessings
and prayers be with us all, Amen.